Essay characteristics:

  • It is brief in its extension although this can vary according to the guidelines that each teacher provides.
  • It tackles a delimited subject considering the position of its author in front of this one.
  • It has a subjective component insofar as it exposes the author’s personal position, which must be clearly stated in the thesis of the text.
  • It has an objective component that is evident in the arguments that defend the thesis. For this, the author usually relies on citations, bibliographical references, research results, historical or political data, epistemological or philosophical references.
  • Test structure
  • Generally, an essay is organized into three major parts: introduction, development and conclusions.


  • In this first part of the writing, it is expected that you present the topic or problem that your text will deal with and that you present the thesis with respect to it. That is, the position you assume as author. In addition, it is important that you expose relevant information on the subject, in such a way that you contextualize your reader and at the same time awaken their interest.


  • Here you raise the arguments that throughout the essay will support or defend the thesis you proposed in the previous point. Generally different resources are used to argue, among them, examples, comparisons, citations, statistical data, historical data. Keep in mind that your arguments demonstrate the mastery you have of the subject you are talking about and that should not be left in baseless opinions, they present reasons that support the thesis.

Conclusion or final comments:

  • In this last part of the text, you are expected to return to the most relevant aspects of your argument with the aim of condensing and reaffirming your position in a clear manner. It is also very important that you generate reflections around the thesis, raising perspectives on this.
  • Steps to develop a trial1. As a first step it is essential that you delimit the theme that your text will have. Generally this is suggested or required by the teacher of the course that is requesting you to write the essay, verify it in the slogan you receive.
  1. It is necessary that you investigate on the subject, in such a way that you can assume a position on the matter, which in turn, allows you to raise the thesis that you will defend throughout your text.
  2. After defining the topic and presenting the thesis, write a writing plan that allows you to anticipate which organization will have your essay, which and how many will be the arguments that will support your position, what will be the order of presentation of these arguments, which are the possible counter-arguments that may appear. The above is essential considering the purpose of the tests, which is to convince. At this point it is also important that you think to whom your writing will be addressed. Remember that the writing plan can be done through diagrams or graphic organizers that allow you to have concrete ideas about your text.
  3. Write the first version of your essay based on the writing plan, the structure of this type of text, the slogan given by your teacher and the established evaluation criteria.
  4. Read your text out loud in order to review it and do the final edition of it. For this point, remember that you can consult one of CELEE’s tutors.

Recommendations for a trial

Remember! A thesis is characterized by positing affirmatively the point of view of who writes the essay.

Consult reliable sources of information, for example books or articles published in recognized journals in your field of knowledge.

To demonstrate the research you did before writing your essay, it is necessary that at the end of this, you prepare a list of bibliographical references.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

fourteen − 5 =