Essay writing

The essay is a written text requested very frequently in the university academic context. It allows you to demonstrate what you have understood and learned about a particular topic. It is characterized by presenting the point of view of the author in front of a topic and defending it with arguments.

In this way, its purpose is to convince the interlocutor of the position that the author assumes. For this reason, it is very important that you have clear characteristics to perform it. Given the above, in this guide we present some characteristic elements of this text that, as a university student, you should know.

Test characteristics:

  • It is brief in its extension although this can vary according to the guidelines that each teacher provides.
  • It tackles a delimited subject considering the position of its author in front of this one.
  • It has a subjective component insofar as it exposes the author’s personal position, which must be clearly stated in the thesis of the text.
  • It has an objective component that is evident in the arguments that defend the thesis. For this, the author usually relies on citations, bibliographical references, research results, historical or political data, epistemological or philosophical references.

Test structure

Generally, an essay is organized into three major parts: introduction, development and conclusions.

In this first part of the writing, it is expected that you present the topic or problem that your text will deal with and that you present the thesis with respect to it. That is, the position you assume as author. In addition, it is important that you expose relevant information on the subject, in such a way that you contextualize your reader and at the same time awaken their interest.


  • Here you raise the arguments that throughout the essay will support or defend the thesis you proposed in the previous point. Generally different resources are used to argue, among them, examples, comparisons, citations, statistical data, historical data.
  • Keep in mind that your arguments demonstrate the mastery you have of the subject you are talking about and that should not be left in baseless opinions, they present reasons that support the thesis.

Conclusion or final comments:

In this last part of the text, you are expected to return to the most relevant aspects of your argument with the aim of condensing and reaffirming your position in a clear manner. It is also very important that you generate reflections around the thesis, raising perspectives on this.

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